Have you been exposed to Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence? Sexual violence? Psychological violence? Physical violence?
Different types of violence
In Sweden, about one in five women is exposed to sexual violence at some point in their lives - in the world, the figure is a third.
Research shows that abuse is basically not about sexuality but about power and dominance.
By sexual violence is meant that the victim against his will is forced to perform sexual acts. Sexual harassment and sexual humiliation are also covered by the concept of sexual violence. These abuses are usually committed by the partner, the perpetrator can also be a known or an unknown person.
Many who are raped do not physically resist, shout or say NO. It is common to end up in a frozen fight, which means that when the body is exposed to violence, it ends up in a paralyzing state. This is a survival reflex - when the brain detects danger, it prevents the body from moving. This reflex happens at lightning speed, automatically and is completely out of our consciousness.
Sexual violence can evoke strong feelings of shame and guilt in the victim. A relationship with the perpetrator can make it difficult and difficult to make a police report.
At Malmö Kvinnojour, we have special competence to help those who have been subjected to sexual violence. Our staff is trained precisely to provide support calls to women who have been subjected to all forms of sexual violence.
Psychological violence is the most common form of violence in close relationships. In virtually all relationships where violence is perpetrated, psychological violence occurs, often in interaction with other violence. Psychological violence is often systematic and is practiced repeatedly. It is about marking boundaries of various kinds in order to achieve power and control over the victim - who in turn is often broken down by psychological violence and can feel powerless or useless.
Psychological violence can be:
- Oral insults, derogatory remarks and mockery.
- Shame or to shame the victim in front of others.
- Harassment, threats (direct, indirect) or stalking.
- That the victim is forced to do things against their will.
- Control of what the victim does, who they hang out with and where they are.
- Social isolation, that the victim is prevented from contact with eg friends.
- That the perpetrator hurts or frightens the victim by exercising physical violence against someone else, such as a child or pet.
We at Malmö Kvinnojour have extensive experience of providing support and advice to women who are exposed to psychological violence.
In a close relationship, physical violence can manifest itself in the form of everything from pushes, blows, kicks, strangulation or suffocation attempts to the use of various weapons. The perpetrator often consciously chooses to direct the aggressions towards specific parts of the body so that bruises and other injuries are not detected by outsiders. Violence can also cause hidden injuries, such as fractures, eye injuries, tear marks, bruises and wounds on exposed parts of the body.
Anyone who exposes their partner to violence is rarely violent towards others. Rather, the perpetrator often strives to appear nice to those around him. This can make the person who is exposed to violence appear less credible if they try to tell someone about the violence.
At Malmö Kvinnojour we listen to the woman. We start from her needs and support her in finding her own path.
Material violence can mean that the perpetrator destroys or threatens objects to which he or she has an emotional connection. It can be a photograph or a gift from a loved one. It can also involve damage to, for example, clothes, furniture or a car, all for the purpose of threatening and / or harassing.
At Malmö Kvinnojour we have knowledge of material violence and can give you support and guidance.
Economic violence aims to constitute a violation and make the victim dependent on the perpetrator. This can mean that the perpetrator takes out a loan in the victim's name, controls her use of money or prevents him from owning assets in his own name. Financial violence can affect the victim's creditworthiness, which can make it difficult to obtain housing, for example. The perpetrator takes control of the economy and material assets in order to increase isolation, vulnerability and make it more difficult to leave the relationship.
At Malmö Kvinnojour we have knowledge of financial violence and can give you support and guidance.
Digital violence means violence that is carried out with the help of digital technology. Studies have shown that the violence experienced by vulnerable women is, among other things, that the perpetrator humiliates, causes fear and creates a feeling of constant presence through digital persecution. Digital technology can also be used to track and check where they are. This type of persecution affects mental health and well-being. Studies also show that digital violence debuts or escalates in connection with separation.
At Malmö Kvinnojour we have knowledge of digital violence and can give you support and guidance.